Journalism Ethics Essay, How to Deal with It?
This topic is one of the most important themes in the XXI century. Not only journalists should know how to use information, work with it, check it, prove it and share it. In the world of informational wars and selling the information you should be prepared for smart owning of knowledge.
Now this rules of using the information have to be known by everyone because there are a lot of bloggers, many of us share information without checking it and you can believe almost in everything without proves and facts.
How to start a “Journalism Ethics” essay
To begin an essay with this influential theme you should explain the importance of this theme. The reader has to understand why should he read your article and how can he use this knowledge. Especially if he is not a journalist but steel need to know how to survive in this society and in web world because it is full of different information: fake and real. If he is not professional in media and doesn’t know how to check it on the truth.
You should tell about the problem of fake facts, fake news and the ability to scan them and ignore. The skill of “not believing in everything you read”.
After that, the reader has to know how to use this information and how not to change or not to distort the facts, how to be attentive to the details, because ethics in journalism appears with a responsible way of showing information to the public.
The introduction has to give a clear idea of what will be discussed later, and the reader needs to understand that you give an answer to a specific set of questions posed. You can tell about the plan of essay and intrigue the reader.
Today, it is customary to talk about the professional ethics of a doctor, teacher, journalist, there are ethical codes in business, military and trade.
In many countries, there are journalistic codes. In 1983, “International Principles of Professional Ethics in Journalism” were adopted at the regular consultative meeting of international and regional journalistic organizations.
They require media workers to truthfully and honestly disseminate news and ensure people right to freely express opinions and receive information. The professional and ethical standards worked out by the world journalistic community help to make objective decisions.
How to write a body of a “Journalism Ethics” essay
The main part has to tell every argument by using examples and illustrations.
The information has to be organized into paragraphs. You need to assume through the structure of the essay and make sure that the main part logically leads to the conclusion.
Body paragraphs example:
Among the most important principles of journalism are truthfulness and objectivity. But sometimes our press of sensation publishes a deliberate lie, information about non-existent, far-fetched events, and legal norms.
Moral aspects of journalistic activity attract public attention. Because the use of mass media for the expression of various ambitions and predilections has become more frequent in conditions of permissiveness. Many editions of different types and levels are characterized by a low culture of controversy, demonstrate a firm rejection of other people’s opinions.
It is necessary to learn the basic norms and principles of professional ethics:
The work should be carried out professionally, strictly in accordance with the assigned powers;
You can not be guided by your personal likes and dislikes in the work, you should always observe objectivity;
Companies should always observe the strictest confidentiality when you are dealing with personal data of customers or other persons;
It is impossible to suppose the occurrence of out-of-service relations with clients or colleagues, heads or subordinates in the work;
You should respect the principle of collegiality and not discuss their colleagues or subordinates;
It is unacceptable to discriminate against clients, partners, colleagues or subordinates on a gender, race, age or any other basis;
You should use only legitimate, worthy actions to obtain information. Using the “hidden camera”, “hidden record”, illegal receipt of documents, etc. are allowed only in situations where there is a serious threat to public welfare or people’s lives;
You must respect the right of individuals and legal entities to refuse sharing the information if its provision is not a duty provided by law. Do not allow yourself to be tactless;
You should indicate the sources in materials of information in all cases, except when there is a reason to keep them in secret.
Currently, professional standards are developing and improving, social relations are changing. And the ability to treat with respect for nature and people around us is more important than ever in this new picture of the world.
How to conclude a “Journalism Ethics” essay
The conclusion must sum up the ideas that were expressed. It is necessary to give an answer to the question formulated in the topic of the essay. Or indicate the prospects or consequences of the problem under consideration.
The essence of professional ethics is the provision of morally impeccable performance by professionals.
But professional ethical standards are only persistent recommendations. The decision (to follow these moral principles or not) will be made by an ordinary journalist depending on the specific situation. E.g., moral choice presupposes certain freedom in making a decision, in which changes in the degree of rightness and wrongness are possible since it is impossible to find a solution suitable for all cases of life.
The freedom of the press is one of the conditions of civil society, to which the developed countries seek. But having received such freedom the journalist must observe ethical norms and moral principles: take into account the interests of minorities, observe the culture of broadcasting, check the reliability of the proposed audience of information, try to reflect the facts as fully as possible and keep an unbiased position.
Journalism ethics changes in time. It is necessary to teach modern people to feel the correspondence of journalistic ethics and culture to its time, to be able to foresee the nature of their change under the new conditions. Each science has its own fundamental foundations. They also exist in journalistic ethics. The art is to be able to see them. Modern researches and teaching of journalist professional ethics should be based on them.
As you understand, moral principles are not an order, not a law, and journalists are divided into those who follow them and those who ignore them. But you need to learn them, they are advised. There are norms that a journalist must follow whether they like them or not.